Thursday, May 24, 2012

PUBLIC SPEAKING Part 3 - How to Speak Well

The Four Aspects of an Effective Lecture

The lecture is still the most frequently used method of instruction. 

Even if you are not a teacher, in your everyday work you may be constantly using the medium of speech to convey a message or instruction or for informal training or motivational purposes. 

How well you put across your ideas depends to a large extent on now well you have mastered the elements of good public speaking.

An important pre-requisite of a good lecture is that it must be carefully prepared to the extent that you have a firm mastery of the topic you are going to discuss and a clear conception in your mind of how you are going to present the subject.

A good lecture has four simple requirements:


The first characteristic of a good lecture is that it must have a message. The lecturer must have something to say and what the lecturer says must be worth saying and worth listening to. 

You must clearly bring out the importance of the topic and why the audience needs to hear you and unambiguously state your message so that the audience understands what you want to say.

You may have heard Aristotle’s dictum on rhetoric:

"Tell them what you are going to say, say it, and then tell them what you told them."

So, to get your message across, thus is what you must do:

1. Tell the audience what you are going to tell them

2. Tell them what you want to tell them

3. Tell them what you have told them


The second attribute of a good talk is naturalness. 

Remember, the audience wants to hear YOU so make it your own lecture, your very own talk – speak in your very own natural style, don’t try to copy someone else.


The third feature of an effective lecture is that it must be sincere. 

The audience must be convinced that you believe in what you say, so make sure you talk sincerely and clearly demonstrate that you believe in what you are saying. 

Remember, you cannot fake sincerity so the only way to succeed in giving an impression of sincerity is to be sincere. Don't try to ham, act or pretend - the audience will easily catch on that you do not yourself believe in what you are saying. 

And suppose you do not believe in something or are not fully convinced about a topic. 

Well, why talk about something you do not believe in? 

As a Teacher or Speaker you must be true to your conscience and you must not live a lie and say something you do not believe in. 

Remember the saying of Mahatma Gandhi:

What you think
what you say, 
and what you do 
must be in harmony.

This must be evident to the audience.


Finally, last but not the least, a good lecturer or speaker must radiate enthusiasm and energy. 
An enthusiastic speaker is one who displays great eagerness to have his or her ideas understood, believed and put into practice. 
You should be passionate about what you are speaking about and you must yourself believe in what you are saying. 
If you want your audience to be enthusiastic about listening to you, radiate enthusiasm yourself while speaking.

So, in a nutshell, before you deliver your next lecture, keep these basic four principles in mind (message, naturalness, sincerity, enthusiasm) and you will deliver a great lecture – you can take my word for it.

All the Best – May you become an effective communicator and deliver excellent lectures and speeches.

Copyright © Vikram Karve 2012
Vikram Karve has asserted his right under the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988 to be identified as the author of this work. 
© vikram karve., all rights reserved.

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About Vikram Karve

A creative person with a zest for life, Vikram Karve is a retired Naval Officer turned full time writer. Educated at IIT Delhi, ITBHU Varanasi, The Lawrence School Lovedale and Bishops School Pune, Vikram has published two books: COCKTAIL a collection of fiction short stories about relationships (2011) and APPETITE FOR A STROLL a book of Foodie Adventures (2008) and is currently working on his novel and a book of vignettes and short fiction. An avid blogger, he has written a number of fiction short stories, creative non-fiction articles on a variety of topics including food, travel, philosophy, academics, technology, management, health, pet parenting, teaching stories and self help in magazines and published a large number of professional research papers in journals and edited in-house journals for many years, before the advent of blogging. Vikram has taught at a University as a Professor for almost 15 years and now teaches as a visiting faculty and devotes most of his time to creative writing. Vikram lives in Pune India with his family and muse - his pet dog Sherry with whom he takes long walks thinking creative thoughts.

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