The Two Myths of Higher Education
From my personal experience as a teacher at the post graduate level in Engineering, Technology and Management, I feel that the two myths of higher education are:
1. A Ph. D. makes a better teacher
2. Money motivates teachers.
Let us reflect on what makes a good teacher, especially in higher professional education.
MYTH NO. 1 – A Ph.D. makes a better teacher
Does a Ph. D. make a Better Teacher?
Musings on the Qualities a Teacher must Possess
A teacher is a trustee.
It is just like the birds.
You take a flock of young students under your wings, nurture them, teach them to “fly”, and when they are ready, you release them into the world, set them free, watch them with pride as they fly into the sky, soar high above you, knowing that they will never come back, wishing that they reach great heights which you could never reach, for nothing gives a teacher more happiness than when his student excels and surpasses the teacher himself.
I have learned from experience that teaching has got less to do with knowledge and more to do with communication.
Teaching is about relationships as well as pedagogy.
Teaching is more about feeling than facts.
It is all a question of vibes.
Once you establish positive vibes with your students, you can feel the delightful chemistry being generated between you and your students.
In the parlance of Electrical Engineering, it is like perfect impedance matching, the maximum power transfer theorem, and you can experience the classroom rocking with resonance, when all the resistance to the flow of knowledge disappears, the intellectual friction vanishes, the barriers to communication melt away and seamless effortless learning is achieved.
It is not important how much a teacher knows.
What is important is how much the student learns.
Like I said, communication skills are far more important than qualifications.
Teaching is about relationships as well as pedagogy – it is more about feeling than facts.
Soft Skills outweigh Hard Skills as far as the art of teaching is concerned.
A highly qualified Ph.D. who does not know the art of teaching and fails to establish good vibes with his students cannot make his lectures engrossing which may result in students losing interest in the subject and in some cases an insensitive teacher who lacks the requisite soft skills, and has poor interpersonal and ineffective communication skills, may even end up making his students hate and despise the subject he or she is teaching. I have seen that many Ph.D. qualified teachers do not possess the requisite soft skills required for effective teaching.
In many cases, overqualification may be counterproductive and the demonstrated ability at carrying out research (Ph.D) may not guarantee good teaching skills, especially at the undergraduate level.
Unlike in schools where B.Ed. is a must for teachers, and a DECE or Montessori Training is desirable for primary and pre-primary school teachers, the fact of the matter is that in higher education most teachers have had no formal training in the Art of Teaching or Pedagogy and are appointed as lecturers and professors solely based on their academic qualifications and research publications - whether they are proficient in pedagogy and the Art of Teaching is not considered - and that is why one sees so many well qualified professors with poor communication skills and inadequate teaching ability owing to which they are unable to motivate their students and this hampers their ability to transfer their knowledge to the students.
Insistence on a Ph.D. for a teacher, even at the undergraduate level, precludes many otherwise talented persons including those with professional experience from entering as faculty in the teaching profession in higher and professional education and this is a great loss of expertise and results in only the "academicians" dominating the teaching profession. Of course, the ultimate losers are the students, and as a consequence, the industry and the society at large. In fact, this is one of the reasons that many organisations and employers have to invest heavily in induction training as fresh graduates, even in engineering and technology, are not industry-ready.
It is easy to make simple things difficult but difficult to make complicated things easy.
It requires good teaching style, effective communication skills and appropriate soft skills to make difficult things easy and enjoyable to learn.
The process of learning must be enjoyable. It must not be dry, didactic, boring and painful.
It is important for a teacher to remember that learning comprises two pedagogic processes:
Getting knowledge that is inside to move out,
Getting knowledge that is outside to move in.
The second part of imparting knowledge from outside into the student is comparatively easier, once you’ve got the students interested, eager to learn, and the teacher is proficient in teaching skills and knowledgeable in the subject and domain specialization.
It is the first aspect, getting knowledge that is inside the student to move out, facilitating inward discovery on one’s self, motivate inquiry based learning to help unlock the treasure within the student that is more challenging, which the true test and indeed the hallmark of a good teacher.
MYTH NO. 2 – Money Motivates Teachers
ARE THOSE MOTIVATED BY MONEY THE BEST TEACHERS?
Three Kinds of Teachers and 3 R’s of Teaching – Reward Recognition Respect
There are three kinds of Teachers:
Let us reflect a bit on each of the above types of teachers.
REWARD ORIENTED TEACHERS
In the first category are those who teach for Reward.
For them teaching is like any other job, a profession rather than a passion, a means of earning their livelihood. They believe that if they teach ‘X’ number of hours they are entitled ‘Y’ salary. For any extra teaching load they expect what the industry bluntly calls overtime and for which academics use euphemisms like honorarium etc.
RECOGNITION SEEKING TEACHERS
Then there are teachers who are obsessed with Recognition. They strive for awards, titles, designations, positions, peer recognition, publishing papers, honours, fellowships – being recognised is all about fame. Recognition is not so much about getting credit as it is about being appreciated.
RESPECT WINNING TEACHERS
The highest category of teachers are those who win Respect – respect of their students, respect of their colleagues in the teaching fraternity and respect of society. For them respect is one of the most critical dimensions of their life.They are passionate about teaching and are loved by their students on whom they make a lasting impression.
In Which Category is Your Teacher?
So, Dear Reader, the next time you see a teacher, observe carefully and try to analyse in which category he or she belongs –reward, recognition or respect.
A Teacher who strives to win respect will always be more student-centric, stakeholder conscious and effective than Teachers who are greedy for rewards or yearning for recognition.
Are You a Teacher?
And if you are a teacher yourself, introspect and see for yourself where you belong and truthfully assess whether your metier is in teaching.
It is quite simple.
After you finish a lecture ask yourself three sets of questions:
1. Is the lecture something you feel you have done well?
2. Do you feel you teach well?
3. Did you enjoy delivering the lecture?
4. Do you enjoy teaching?
5. Did you feel proud of the way you delivered the lecture?
6. Do you feel proud of the fact that you are a teacher or would you rather be someone else?
If the answers to all the six questions is YES – you know you are in the right place, so, Happy Teaching.
Whether you are a teacher, or a student, or a parent, don't forget the 3 R’s of Teaching.
So we have debunked the two myths of teaching, haven’t we?
Am I a good teacher? Have I won the respect of my students? Well, looking back at my teaching years, I trust I have succeeded in achieving this, and yes, I have been a good teacher.
Every time a course ends, I feel a sense of pride tinged with nostalgic sadness as my protégés “fly” off to conquer great heights of success in their careers.
It is indeed a delightful and unmatched experience to mentor young bright minds, to see them flower, blossom, bloom and flourish before your own eyes, observe them metamorphose from students into professionals.
I love being in the company of young talented people, full of zeal and enthusiasm, with a zest for living and a passion for learning.
It makes me feel good and youthful, and as always, I “learn” more than I “teach”.
I feel sad, wanting to hold them back, not wanting to part, but I know I have to let them go to their destinies.
My dear students, as I watch you with pride in my heart, swiftly fly away, soaring high above me in the sky, vanish into the distance, to all my dear students, I will always bless you and sincerely wish you from the bottom of my heart: GODSPEED.
Godspeed – a wish for a prosperous journey and good fortune, my dear young friends, as you embark upon your first career, a new phase of your life.
Let me end with one of my favourite sayings - a quote from Indira Gandhi:
My grandfather once told me that there were two kinds of people:
Those who do the work
Those who take the credit.
He told me to try to be in the first group as there was much less competition over there.
Copyright © Vikram Karve 2011
Vikram Karve has asserted his right under the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988 to be identified as the author of this work.
© vikram karve., all rights reserved.
Did you like this article? I am eager to know your views, especially if you are a teacher, a student, a parent or anyone interested in education.
By the way, I write fiction too and have recently published a book of short stories called COCKTAIL. Do have a look – please click any of the links below to know more.
About Vikram Karve
A creative person with a zest for life, Vikram Karve is a retired Naval Officer turned full time writer. Educated at IIT Delhi, ITBHU Varanasi, The Lawrence School Lovedale and Bishops School Pune, Vikram has published two books: COCKTAIL a collection of fiction short stories about relationships (2011) and APPETITE FOR A STROLL a book of Foodie Adventures(2008) and is currently working on his novel and a book of vignettes and short fiction. An avid blogger, he has written a number of fiction short stories, creative non-fiction articles on a variety of topics including food, travel, philosophy, academics, technology, management, health, pet parenting, teaching stories and self help in magazines and published a large number of professional research papers in journals and edited in-house journals for many years, before the advent of blogging. Vikram has taught at a University as a Professor for almost 14 years and now teaches as a visiting faculty and devotes most of his time to creative writing. Vikram lives in Pune India with his family and muse - his pet dog Sherry with whom he takes long walks thinking creative thoughts.
Vikram Karve Academic and Creative Writing Journal: http://karvediat.blogspot.com
Professional Profile Vikram Karve: http://www.linkedin.com/in/karve
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Vikram Karve Creative Writing Blog: http://vikramkarve.sulekha.com/blog/posts.htm
Fiction Short Stories Book
Foodie Book: Appetite for a Stroll
© vikram karve., all rights reserved.