Monday, February 25, 2013

ANIMAL FARM and THE MUGHAL PRINCIPLE


IS DEMOCRACY LIKE AN ANIMAL FARM?
 
DOES THE FEUDAL SYSTEM STILL PREVAIL?
Musings
By
VIKRAM KARVE


In his classic satirical allegory ANIMAL FARM George Orwell exemplifies the tendency of human beings to abuse power. 

Whenever a human gets power his attitude changes dramatically. 

I have seen this metamorphosis in an person’s attitude and behaviour happening in the Navy when an officer gets promoted to high rank the first thing that happens is that power goes to his head, his ego bloats, he changes his way of thinking and behaving differently and to justify his conduct he starts mouthing platitudes like: “Now that I have the view from the “top” things look “different” and now I must behave like a “leader”.

When one political leader was asked why his party had changed so much from the values it once represented, he said: “It is all because of power. Earlier we were in the opposition. Now we are in power. Once you have tasted power everything changes.”

The moral of the story of Animal Farm is that because of this innate corrupt nature of most human beings to misuse power for their own benefit that whatever the form of governance (democracy, monarchy, socialism, communism, or dictatorship) nothing much changes for the impoverished and hapless aam aadmi or common man since human-power relationship makes all systems “feudal” in nature.

The same phenomenon is reflected at the micro level too – at home and at office.

Take an example of interpersonal relationships at the workplace.

Bosses may change, but nothing much changes for the subordinate.

On a lighter note, this Naval Yarn illustrates this dictum: 

Animal Farm Democracy and The Mughal Raj
A Naval Yarn
By
VIKRAM KARVE

Note: The word MUGHAL is also spelled MOGUL or MOGHUL - in this story it used in a metaphorical sense.

This happened long back, more than 33 years ago, in the early days of my naval career, when I was a bright young officer.

It was the farewell party of our boss, the Captain of our ship.

Everyone was happy to see him go ashore on transfer at the end of his tenure, for he had been a terrible boss, a ruthless taskmaster, quite a tyrant, and he had made our life hell. 

A strict authoritarian disciplinarian, he wielded total power and commanded the ship like a martinet, ruling us like an absolute monarch.

As far as he was concerned, it was “his” ship and there were just two categories of people on-board his ship:

HE (the supreme master and commander)

and

WE (the rest of the crew, which included everyone else starting from the second-in-command right down the junior-most sailor).

This feudal style Captain exemplified the naval dictum immortalized by Captain Queeg in the classic Navy Novel by Herman Wouk – THE CAINE MUTINY :

“…there are four ways of doing things on this ship:

1. The Right Way

2. The Wrong Way

3. The Navy Way 

4. My Way 

On my ship we do things My Way…”

Our Captain was very clear - he wanted things done his way.

I had nicknamed him: “Mughal”.

At the farewell party, whisky was flowing freely and everyone was thoroughly enjoying the party.

Everyone was downing peg after peg of the choicest whisky, happy to see off “Mughal” and celebrating in anticipation of the forthcoming “freedom” from “Mughal Tyranny”. 

For me, it was an evening of mixed emotions, since it was my farewell party as well, for as luck would have it, by sheer coincidence, I too was going ashore on transfer.

In fact, our tenures, Mughal’s and mine, had been coincidental – we joined on board ship on the same day and we were leaving the ship together.

As it is customary to “look after” the farewell guest very well, my shipmates had plied me with plenty of whisky, peg after peg, down the hatch, and by the time I was called upon to deliver my farewell speech, I was feeling very “nice” 

As I told you once before, there is a saying in the navy:

Officers don’t get drunk – they only feel “nice” 

And I was feeling awfully “nice”.

Being the junior, I was called to deliver my farewell speech first.

As I told you, I was feeling awfully “nice” due to the enormous amount of whisky I had imbibed.

At first, I said the customary things – I thanked my shipmates, talked about the good times we had together in the wardroom.

But as I spoke, my inhibitions started peeling off, and then, in a spurt of audaciousness and recklessness thanks to the Dutch Courage fuelled by the huge amount of alcohol flowing in my veins, I started gesticulating towards the Captain and I blurted out:

“I know all of you are happy to see off this Mughal. 

But remember one thing – ONE MUGHAL REPLACES ANOTHER MUGHAL 

So don’t be too happy that this Mughal is going away, since it may well turn out that the new incoming Mughal may be worse than this Mughal whose days on this ship are over. 

And, God Forbid, if the new Mughal is a worse tyrant than this one, then you will reminisce and remember the “good old days” you had under this Mughal.”

After uttering those words, I narrated the story of one my favourite books – ANIMAL FARM (an allegorical novel by George Orwell). 

In this story, there is a rebellion, an uprising by all the animals who unite and rise in revolt against the tyrant human beings who own the Animal Farm. 

The humans are overthrown by the animals, who achieve “freedom” from human tyranny.

But soon, the pigs, who led the uprising, gradually assume control, and start taking over power.

Eventually the pigs become worse tyrants than the humans and they make life hell for all the other animals.

A few months later I ran into one of my ex-shipmates and he told me that my prediction had come true. 

Life on-board the ship had indeed become so terrible under the new Captain that in the evenings, everyone sat in the wardroom drowning their sorrows and reminiscing about the “good old days” in the earlier “Mughal Empire”. 

“The earlier Mughal was a bullshitter, but at least he was an honest bloke,” my ex-shipmate said, “but this new Mughal is not only a terrible bullshitter but he is a crafty, cunning, corrupt man, a bloody freeloader too, and he has made our life miserable.”

Look around you and you will see that this “Mughal” theory is true in real life too.

Leaders come and go, elections happen, governments change, regimes come and go, sometimes democracy becomes dictatorship and sometimes dictatorship becomes democracy, socialism metamorphoses into globalization, liberalization, crony capitalism.

All sorts of things happen, but for you and me and the common man (“aam aadmi”) nothing much changes and his life remains just the same. 

In fact, in most cases, things may even get worse than before. 

Of course, there are exceptions – yes, there are a few genuine leaders who really make a difference, but nowadays, such examples are few and far between. 

But, by and large, the Mughal Principle prevails. 

So before you rejoice too much on hearing the news that your tyrant boss is going to go away, remember THE MUGHAL PRINCIPLE :

“ONE MUGHAL REPLACES ANOTHER MUGHAL”

Look around and observe, in your workplace, in politics and in the world outside.

Do you see “Animal Farms” around you?

Is one “Mughal” replacing another “Mughal” and nothing much is changing for you?

Do comment and tell us your views.

Have a good Monday and great week ahead.

VIKRAM KARVE
Copyright © Vikram Karve 2013
Vikram Karve has asserted his right under the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988 to be identified as the author of this work. 
© vikram karve., all rights reserved.

Did you like reading this story? 
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About Vikram Karve

A creative person with a zest for life, Vikram Karve is a retired Naval Officer turned full time writer and blogger. Educated at IIT Delhi, IIT (BHU) Varanasi, The Lawrence School Lovedale and Bishops School Pune, Vikram has published two books: COCKTAIL a collection of fiction short stories about relationships (2011) and APPETITE FOR A STROLL a book of Foodie Adventures (2008) and is currently working on his novel and a book of vignettes and short fiction. An avid blogger, he has written a large number of fiction short stories, creative non-fiction articles on a variety of topics including food, travel, philosophy, academics, technology, management, health, pet parenting, teaching stories and self help in magazines and published a large number of professional research papers in journals and edited in-house journals and magazines for many years, before the advent of blogging. Vikram has taught at a University as a Professor for 15 years and now teaches as a visiting faculty and devotes most of his time to creative writing and blogging. Vikram Karve lives in Pune India with his family and muse - his pet dog Sherry with whom he takes long walks thinking creative thoughts.

Vikram Karve Academic and Creative Writing Journal: http://karvediat.blogspot.com
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Email: vikramwamankarve@gmail.com

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